Thursday, July 26, 2012

Alam ba Ninyo? (2 days na lang 2012 London Olympics na!)


Baron Pierre de Coubertin
        Alam ba ninyo na noong unang panahon, ang mga babae ay hindi pinahihintulutan na na lumahok  o maging manonood sa Olympic Games at kapag sila ay nahuli ay papatawan sila ng parusang kamatayan. ( Diyos ko po!) Gayundin naman, nang binuhay muli noong 1896 ang Olympic Games, ang tagapagtatag na si Baron Pierre de Coubertin ay hindi rin sumang-ayon sa partisipasyon ng mga kababaihan sa nasabing patimpalak.

Charlotte Cooper
                                


       Nagkaroon ng malawakang debate sa pagitan ng mga miyembro ng (IOC) International Olympic Committee hanggang sa tuluyang payagan na makasali ang mga babae sa larangan ng tennis sa katauhan ni Charlotte Cooper na taga Britanya na unang sumungkit ng gintong medalya. At noon namang 1908 Games, mayroong kabuuuan ng 36 na kababaihang kalahok sa figure skating at tennis events at pagkatapos ng mga larong ito, nagkaroon ng mga rekomendasyon mula sa British Olympic Association na makalahok ang mga kababaihang swimmers, gymnast at mga divers at pinasinayaan ito noong 1912 Stockholm Games.
        At noong 1924, nakapagdesisyon na ang IOC na payagan ang mas malawakang partisipasyon ng mga kababaihan sa mga laro subalit sa apat na pampalakasan lamang. At pagkatapos ng 1976 Games, mas lalong lumawak ang mga pampalakasang pwede ng salihan ng mga kababaihan kaya noong 1996 Atlanta Games mayroon ng kabuuuang 26 sports at 97 events na pwedeng lahukan ng mga kababaihan. Sa ngayon ay bukas na ang lahat ng pampalakasan sa mga kababaihan kabilang na ang boksing, basketball, soccer atbp.

 
At para sa inyong kaalaman (Source: The Olympic Education, Australian Olympic Committee)

1896 At the first Olympic Games, a Greek woman called Melpomene became the first female to run an unofficial marathon in 4 hours and 30 minutes.
1900 Tennis player Charlotte Cooper of Great Britain became the first female Olympic champion in the tennis singles.
1908 Yachtswoman, Frances Clytie Rivett-Carnac and her husband win gold, making her the first woman in any event to win in a competition with men.
1912 Swimmer, Fanny Durack first woman to win gold in a world-record time.
1928 The collapse of several runners at the end of the 800m saw the race declared dangerous for women and banned.
1948 Triumphant Fanny Blakers-Koen of the Netherlands breaks new ground as the first mother successful at the Olympic Games. She won four gold medals in the 100m, 200m, 4 x 100m relay and 100m hurdles.
1952 The first women ever to compete in equestrian sport (against men).
1956 The first woman, Giuliana Chenal-Minuzzo (Italy), in Olympic history to take the athletes' oath at the Opening Ceremony of the Olympic Winter Games.
1968 Mexico's Enriqueta Basilio becomes the first woman to light the Olympic flame in the stadium. The 800m women's event is re-instated.
1972 70 year old British equestrian competitor, Lorna Johnstone became the oldest ever female Olympian.
1973 The IOC decided that women could be proposed as IOC members.
1980 The greatest mother-daughter Olympic success - when Soviet runner Irin Nazarova, daughter of 1952 discus medallist Elizabeth Bagrinaseva, won gold in the relay.
1981 Pirjo Haggman (Finland) and Flor Isava-Fonseca (Venezuela) became the first women IOC members.
1982 Dame Mary Glen-Haig (Great Britain) was elected member of the IOC.
1984 Princess Nora of Liechtenstein was elected member of the IOC. Joan Benoit (USA) wins the first women's Olympic marathon.
1988 HRH the Princess Royal (Great Britain) was elected member of the IOC. Tennis returns to the Games, with the inequitable agreement that fewer women than men be allowed to compete.
1990 Carol Anne Letheren (Canada) was elected member of the IOC. Flor Isva-Fonseca was the first woman on the IOC Executive Board.
1993 Anita DeFranz (USA) was elected to the IOC Executive Board.
1994 The women's programme for the Olympic Winter Games included 4 sports (biathlon, luge, skating and skiing) and 25 events.
1996 23 women's sports, including soccer, beach volleyball and mountain biking.
1998 6 women's sports including curling and ice hockey.

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